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The U.S.-China trade war may be coming to a ceasefire. President Donald Trump wants to reach an agreement with Xi Jinping at the G-20 summit in Argentina later this month and asked key U.S. officials to begin drafting potential terms, said people familiar. The push for a deal was prompted by a phone conversation with the Chinese leader that Trump described as "long and very good."
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How Will Brazil’s New Administration Impact the Coffee Sector?
CoffeeNetwork (New York)
CoffeeNetwork has gathered the input and insight from Vitor Andrioli, Fábio Rezende and Ana Luiza Lodi with INTL FCStone in Brazil to help break down the potential impact the incoming President and his administration could have on the coffee sector.
On Sunday, October 28th, Jair Bolsonaro was elected Brazil’s next President with 55% of the vote. He will take office on January 1st
Domestic Diesel Prices
One of the challenges Bolsonaro and his government will be faced with is what to do about the ongoing subsidy on domestic diesel prices. The subsidy was the result of a 10-day trucker’s strike in May, which resulted in financial losses for the coffee industry of around $150 million and a decline in coffee exports of 400,000 to 500,000 bags during the month. This subsidy is set to expire on December 31st.
“Bolsonaro hasn’t said anything officially yet as to whether he will keep the subsidy or not,” said Rezende, “but I think it will be very hard to keep it.” He explained the subsidy is very expensive, costing the government around 9 billion reis which could mean that another semester of subsidies is most likely off the table right now. “With the Real’s stronger value against the dollar, diesel prices are not as high as they were before, so he may not even have to renew the subsidies,” he said.
According to Andrioli, truckers associations have already come forth and announced that they are not planning another strike, but instead, trying to negotiate with the new President. “During the truckers strike last year, most of them declared that they supported the Bolsonaro government and a return to military dictatorship, which is what he reminds us of,” he said. The truckers and Bolsonaro have established somewhat of a “truce,” and there should be much more cooperation than the truckers had with past President Temer.
If the US dollar weakens and the Brazilian Real is stable, this would probably mean cheaper imported diesel, which would be favorable for truckers. “A weaker dollar would actually help the government avoid the adoption of a new subsidy,” said Rezende. If the Real weakens, the truckers may strike again, and Bolsonaro may have to approve new subsidies. “More likely, with a weaker currency, they will use dollar reserves, which could be used to contain the Real.”
As a result of the May truckers strike, on May 30th, the government published a reference table of minimum freight prices (per kilometer and dependent on distance and cargo type) which was met with much disapproval as many agricultural producers saw higher expenses. It also attempted to force clients to pay for the return route of a truck once it has emptied its cargo. On June 7th, the government published a revised table to try and appease the unhappy farmers. The attempt, however, was unsuccessful, and truckers threatened to strike yet again. The second table was taken down after only four hours, leaving a new policy on freight prices in the hands of the supreme court. Many exporters in Brazil began holding back supplies to avoid unexpected expenses. Technically, the initial table issued on May 30th is still in effect.
Bolsonaro has not announced any decision on the freight table and whether he will renew it or not. “This is a major uncertainty in the agricultural sector of Brazil,” said Andrioli. “It is unlikely that we will see an agreement between the ag sector and the transportation companies in the coming months,” he said, “not until 2019 will discussions begin to take place. Right now is not the right environment for these discussions.”
“Producers don’t like the table and many don’t follow it,” said Lodi, explaining that some producers do get fined for not following the table. “The law indicates that a new table should be in place by January,” she said, but that remains to be seen.
Since mid-September, the Brazilian currency has surged more than 15% against the US dollar. Much of the strength of the currency has come from the expectation of Bolsonaro’s election. “The market is optimistic with the new government, “explained Andrioli. It is expected that he will pass fiscal adjustment reforms, which were the major force in driving down the BRL in the past year or so.
But, a reversal of the country’s currency should not be ruled out. When a new President takes office, at first, they have an easier time with congress, their support is still strong and their approval rating is normally high, however, if promises aren’t kept or progress isn’t made, we could see a devaluation of the Real.
“What we are seeing right now is that Bolsonaro will probably have a majority in the Chamber of Deputies but the senate is much more divided (among 21 parties), so he will have a harder time to assemble a majority,” Andrioli told CoffeeNetwork. “If it takes a long time, he could wind up postponing the fiscal adjustment reforms that are considered urgent right now.” Should this happen, confidence in the new President could be negatively impacted.
Additionally, considering the international scenario, the situations of both emerging markets and commodities are also bearish for Brazil’s currency.
Overall, the new government has the support of the agricultural sector, it seems. In Brazil’s Congress, 40% of the Chamber of Deputies are “ruralists,” or farmers and big land owners, all of whom support Bolsonaro. The agricultural sector has been pleased with the election of Bolsonaro for the following reasons:
1. He is planning to extinguish the environmental ministry and combine it with agriculture ministry, which would move towards supporting deforestation and expansion of planted area.
2. He is against the “landless workers movement”- groups that invade large, rural properties that are unproductive and colonize those properties. Bolsonaro has said that he will consider this an act of terrorism. Farmers are in favor of this harder approach.
3. He has declared that he will reverse some of the indigenous reserves, or at least halt approval of new indigenous reserves, which will free up more land for farmers.
While these three main positions have gained Bolsonaro approval amongst the agricultural sector, none of these new policies should impact coffee growing in Brazil. Coffee is grown in what is called a “traditional” area, areas that are already cultivated; and expansion, hostile colonization or indigenous land is not found in Brazil’s coffee producing regions.
What could have a major impact on coffee, however, is Bolsonaro’s decision whether to pull out of the Paris Agreement or not. He has flip flopped his stance on the matter thus far, initially saying Brazil would pull out and recently changing his mind.
“If Brazil does wind up pulling out of the Paris Agreement, then maybe Brazil would have non-tariffed barriers for coffee exports,” says Andrioli. He explained to CoffeeNetwork that all the trade agreements between the European Union with Canada, Japan and Vietnam have a chapter specific to the discussion of environmental issues and climate change. “If Brazil pulls out, then maybe some of the coffee importers in Europe could reduce the volume of coffee they import from Brazil, or halt imports altogether. This could be detrimental,” he said.
Resist: 11845, 11940, 12010*
ST Trend: Sideways
Supprt: 11605, 11555, 11475-, 11395*
Comment: The market is about neutral. Yesterday’s surge higher is retraced about half of Monday’s downtown leaving 11940 and 12010 as the remaining resistance levels.
Longer Term Outlook
COFFEE: The December Coffee staged a major bottoming turn, lifting the primary retracement to an expected target at 12500. The back off in late October is likely reflective of a short term shift to corrections or consolidation of the October gains. We may see trade move into a multi-month sideways congestion with short term swings between the low 120’s and 10570 retracement support basis lead contract. Only a close under 10570-10500 damages the bottoming signals. Likely a multi-month period of congestion that holds or levels off over 10900-10600 will build a base to attempt another bull advance looking out into 2019. After a congestion base build up, a breakout beyond 12500+ should launch advances to 13500+/- and 14390-14445 looking out into 2019.
Jan Robusta Coffee
Resist: 1727, 1740-1742
ST Trend Sideways
Support: 1696, 1682, 1673
Comment: Yesterdays surge higher has the chart about neutral, resistance still remains at 1727 and 1742 and support will start at 1696.
Coffee Market Report02 Nov 2018
The International Coffee Organisation ICO have reported that the global coffee exports for the month of September were 7.8% higher than the same month last year, at a total of 9.43 million bags. This they report, has contributed to the global coffee exports for the just October 2017 to September 2018 coffee year to be 2% higher than the previous coffee year, at a total of 121.88 million bags.
These exports over the past coffee year are made up from a 62.9/37.1 ration of arabica and robusta coffees, with the prevailing consumer market stocks of arabica coffees remaining relatively high. A factor along with rising coffee supply for this new 2018/2019 coffee year, that fuels the bearish sentiment within the market.
The National Coffee Institute in Honduras IHCAFE have reported that the countries coffee exports for the month of October were 91% higher than the same month last year, at a total of 99,509 bags. Most of these coffees they say were related to carryover stocks from the past crop, but with the new harvest having started and many new maturing coffee trees coming into production, that they foresee that coffee exports for this new October 2018 to September 2019 coffee year shall increase by 13% to approximately 8.15 million bags.
The National Coffee Institute in Costa Rica ICAFE have reported that the countries coffee exports for the month of October were 53% higher than the same month last year, at a total of 21,830 bags. This rise they appropriate to sellers of presumably mostly past crop stocks, chasing the prices that came with the recovery of the reference prices of the New York market.
The Brazil Trade Ministry have come to the fore with their preliminary coffee export figure for the month of October, which they say were 631,50219.28% bags or 19.28% higher than the same month last year, at a total of 3,275,443 bags. One might presume that with a significantly larger new conilon robusta coffee crop this year, that much of this increase might be related to the export of these coffees which last year, were mostly absorbed by the domestic market demand.
Meanwhile most of the main coffee districts in Brazil have reported above average rains for the month of October, which has contributed to good flowerings and cherry set. But while it is too early to really talk numbers for the next 2019 Brazil coffee crop, there are some who say that so long as weather conditions remain normal and with regular rains for the next five to six months, that the next year’s crop might be close to a surplus supply 60 million bags. A bearish factor if this proves to be correct, for the medium to longer term coffee market.
Today is the Dia de Finados (All Souls’ Day) public holiday in Brazil and coming to the fore as a long weekend, which most likely already started to take some players of the field of play yesterday afternoon and shall most likely keep most internal market players out of the market for the day. Thus, removing some of the negative effects of price fixation hedge selling from the international coffee markets, following what is reported to have already been a slow selling week on the part of the countries farmers.
The January 2019 to December 2018 contracts arbitrage between the London and New York markets broadened yesterday, to register this at 40.14 usc/Lb., while this equates to 34.07% price discount for the London Robusta coffee market.
The Certified washed Arabica coffee stocks held against the New York exchange were seen to increase by 3,865 bags yesterday; to register these stocks at 2,444,217 bags. There were meanwhile a larger in number 4,075 bags increase in the number of bags pending grading for this exchange; to register these pending grading stocks at 31,585 bags.
The commodity markets encountered a softer U.S. dollar yesterday, which assisted most markets to have a day of buoyancy, to see the overall macro commodity index taking an upside track for the day. The Cocoa, Coffee, Cotton, Copper, Orange Juice, Wheat, Corn, Soybean, Gold and Silver markets ended the day on a positive note and the Sugar market was steady for the day, while the Oil and Natural Gas markets ended the day on a softer note. The Reuters Equal Weight Continuous Commodity Index that is made up from 17 markets is 1.5% higher; to see this index registered at 415.26. The day starts with the U.S. Dollar marginally softer and trading at 1.300 to Sterling, at 1.142 to the Euro and with the dollar buying 3.697 Brazilian Real, while North Sea Oil is tending softer and is selling at US$ 71.55 per barrel.
The London and New York markets started the day yesterday on a modestly positive note and with both markets maintaining this stance, into the early afternoon trade. As the afternoon progressed the New York market and with some emotional support from the softening dollar and the positive nature of the overall macro commodity index attracted speculative support and followed by the London market, with buy stops being triggered to set both markets on an upside track for the day.
The London market ended the day on a very positive note and with 86% of the earlier gains of the day intact, while the New York market likewise ended the day on a very positive note, with 96.2% of the earlier gains of the day intact. This close and with Brazil off the field of play for the day, might well inspire some degree of confidence, but the recovery does not come with any supportive fundamental news and one might guess the markets might only be due for a cautious steady start for early trade today.
Starbucks tops record revenue as coffee drinkers spend more in cafes, shares soarA new flat plastic lid that does not need a straw is shown on a cup of Starbucks iced tea in Sausalito, California.
Starbucks finally broke out of its slump in the U.S. thanks to customers spending more on frappuccinos, tea and snacks during its most recent quarter.
The coffee company's shares soared more than 9 percent in evening trading Thursday after the company reported better-than-expected earnings that beat Wall Street's estimates on revenue, profit and same-store sales.
In the U.S. and Americas, sales at stores open for at least a year grew 4 percent during Starbucks' fiscal fourth quarter, beating analysts' forecast of 2.7 percent. It was the company's strongest same-store sales growth in the U.S. in five quarters, Kevin Johnson, CEO of Starbucks said during an earnings call Thursday.
That helped drive Starbucks' revenue to a fresh record of $6.3 billion, up 10.6 percent from $5.7 billion during the same time last year.
Here's what the company reported compared with what Wall Street was expecting, based on a survey of analysts by Refinitiv:
For about two years, Starbucks has been in a funk. While the company's same-store sales have been positive, investors have been looking for faster growth.
In the fourth quarter, the company posted better-than-expected same-store sales across all four of its major markets. Global same-store sales during the fiscal fourth quarter rose 3 percent, up from the 2.3 percent analysts had expected according to Refinitiv.
Neil Saunders, managing director of GlobalData retail, said consumers had more to spend on treats and indulgences during the 13-week period ended Sept. 30 ,and remodeled Starbucks stores enticed diners to stick around longer and buy more food and coffee.
"The final piece of the jigsaw comes from pushing the afternoon daypart much harder, primarily from loyalty-based discounts and offers," Saunders said. "We believe this has stimulated more purchasing, especially from larger groups wanting to take advantage of the 'happy hour' deals."
In the quarter, Starbucks continued to focus on its cold beverage platform, which includes cold brew, nitro cold brew, refreshers and cold foam, as customers have been craving more iced drinks than hot ones.
It also moved a number of "remedial tasks" that baristas were doing during the day to be done during closing so that they would have more time to work with customers, Brewer told CNBC.
Beverage sales "contributed 3 of the 4 points of comp growth, the strong efforts performance of fiscal year 2018 and given it's our highest margin category, we're encouraged by this shift in [comparable store sales] growth," Roz Brewer, chief operating officer at Starbucks, said during an earnings conference call Thursday.
"You'll continue to hear us talk about beverage innovation because that's where we see our greatest push from transaction growth," she said.
The company's net income fell 4.1 percent to $755.8 million, or 56 cents a share, during the 13-week fiscal fourth quarter ended Sept. 30, compared with $788.5 million, or 54 cents a share, during the same period last year.
After adjusting for some one-time items, the company earned 62 cents a share while analysts expected 60 cents a share, according to average estimates compiled by Refinitiv.
Starbucks said its loyalty program, which accounts for 14 percent of all its transactions, now has 15.3 million members, a 15 percent jump from last year. Starbucks Rewards members drove nearly 40 percent of sales in the U.S., the company said.
The company is also building an email list and sending promotions to non-rewards members. In the fourth quarter, Starbucks grew the number of registered customers to 10 million, up from 6 million in the third quarter.
"We are just getting to know them, engage them with happy hour deals," Brewer said. "We hope to convert them into rewards members."
During the quarter, the company open 604 net new stores and now operates more than 29,000 stores in 78 markets.
The company returned $3.6 billion to shareholders through a combination of dividends and share repurchases.
Also on Thursday, Starbucks announced its 2019 outlook. Here's what Starbucks expects:
World Coffee Exports Increased 7.8% y/y in September: ICO
Exports rose to 9.43m bags vs 8.75m bags a year earlier, the International Coffee Organization says on its website.
CARIBBEAN BASIN: Costa Rica Interest Rate; Guatemala Coffee
(Bloomberg) -- Costa Rica’s central bank raised the monetary policy rate 25 basis points to 5.25% as a weakening currency increased inflation expectations. Bank chief Rodrigo Cubero said market pessimism over recent debt swaps is unjustified.
Guatemala coffee exports rose 53% y/y in October to 21,830 bags. Honduras coffee exports jumped 91% y/y in October 99,509 bags.
Guatemala Coffee Exports Rose 53% in October, Group Says
(Bloomberg) -- Shipments jumped to 21,830 bags from 14,311 bags a year earlier, Guatemala’s National Coffee Association says in an email.
Honduras Coffee Exports Jumped 91% in October, Institute Says(Bloomberg) -- Shipments came to 99,509 bags from 52,016 bags a year earlier, the Honduran Coffee Institute, says in emailed statement.
Terra Forte Trading Desk
Please note that tomorrow it is National holiday in Brazil.
Elections came out as expected with Bolsonaro has been declared President. It has brought relief to the market and a good sensation that after storm we could hope for some bonanza.
Currency opened up very strong at 3,58 reflecting optimism, but after euphoria faded away reality weighted and it has stabilized at circa 3,70. After all, Bolsonaro has a lot to prove from January onwards and we believe until there will be volatility. However positive news regarding of nomination of very capable people around him.
NY gave back a big portion of the rally. From the high of 125,50 it has lost 14 cents. Producers backed off slightly however still good volume available.
We have adjusted our 18/19 crop to 60.8 Mio from 59.5, being 44.8 Arabica and 16 Conillon.
Weather has been very good for 19/20 crop. We expect a record Conillon crop and for Arabica it is still early days to have a reliable conclusion. We believe it will be lower due to off-cycle but how lower only by December we could get a better view.
October shipments according to Cecafé until 31st:
Emission 3.947.081 23.4%
Effective 2.937.457 2.4%
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